Muhammadu Aminu Sambo, born in 1888 in Zaria, was a grandson of Tajo who is a son to Mallam Musa, the flag bearer of Shehu Usman Dan Fodio and founder of the then Islamic ruling dynasty of Mallawa in the Zazzau Emirate.
Zazzau, Emirate, also known as the Zaria Emirate, is a traditional state with headquarters in the city of Zaria, Kaduna state, Nigeria.
Muhammadu Aminu Sambo is the first western educated person in Zazzau Emirate. Credit: Facebook/Dandalin Tarihin Magabata
1. Muhammadu Aminu Sambo, was the first northerner from Zazzau Emirate to acquire western education
2. He was educated at the Kano Provincial School (the 8th on the register) from 1903 to 1908, after completing his Quranic studies
3. Aminu Sambo was the first indigenous Headmaster of Zaria Provincial School (now Alhudahuda College) from 1910 to 1912
4. He was also the first headmaster of Bauchi Middle School, later named after him as Sambo College of Education, from 1912 to 1916
5. For initiation the building of a guest house which was later given to Command and Staff College Jaji, Aminu Sambo was conferred with the title of Wamban Zazzau and appointed district head of Jaji in 1916 by Sarkin Zazzau Aliyu Dan Sidi
6. Sadly, he was stripped of his tittle of Wamban Zazzau and removed as district head of Jaji by Sarkin Zazzau Dalhatu who is from Barebari ruling house in the Zazzau Emirate in 1920
7. As the only western educated person in Zazzau Emirate, in 1923 he was nominated by Sakin Zazzau Ibrahim Dan Kwasau to be a ‘guide’ to a British team sent by King George of England to conduct census of all tribes in Northern Nigeria.
8. In 1924, following the successful census count of the tribes in Northern Nigeria, King George of England awarded him a Certificate of Honour.
9. In 1925, Sarkin Zazzau Ibrahim Dan Kwasau re-instated Aminu Sambo as District Head and posted to Sabon Gari, Zaria which explained his nickname, ‘Sarkin Sabon Gari’
10. While in Sabon Gari, he built Elementary School, created Muchia and Dogon Bauchi settlements from 1927 to 1930 and appointed ward heads and scribes in the new settlements
11. In 1937, Aminu Sambo was given another appointment as District Head of Kaduna and conferred with a new title of Magajin Garin Zazzau by HRH Sarkin Zazzau Ja’afaru Dan Isiyaku
12. Remarkably, the Magajin Garin Zazzau (Aminu Sambo), built the first primary school in Kaduna in 1940, located behind the present Fire Brigade.
13. As Kaduna District Head, he planned out Kaduna geographical layout: he established new settlements viz; Tudun Wada, Unguwan Shanu, Unguwan Sanusi, Abakpa and Tudun Nupawa and created new roads such as Sokoto road (now Abubakar Kigo road), Constitution road, Maiduguri road, Sardauna Crescent and Bakori road.
14. In 1943, he engaged more in the beautification of Kaduna town; he planted trees beginning from Lugard Hall Complex to the entire Independent way, from Kanta road up to Ahmadu Bello way, and from Market road (now Ibrahim Taiwo road) to Ahmadu Bello way.
15. Aminu Sambo was also the first administrator to start alpha numeric numbering of houses in Kaduna. The first house he officially numbered is No A1 Layin Shaba (now Nupe road) up to his house No ZZ 6/7 at then Sokoto road (now Kigo road) and onwards.
16. With his impressive pedigree, Aminu Sambo, Magajin Gari Sambo, emerged as the first northerner to become Administrator of the Kaduna Local Authority Government at the same time the District Head, accountable to the Administrator of Kaduna Capital Authority
17. For the for meritorious services rendered to his country, In 1956, Queen Elizabeth of England conferred on Aminu Sambo a Member of the British Empire (O.B.E) award.
18. Also in 1956, he built the second primary school in Kaduna at Maiduguri road, and in 1960 built the third primary school at Sabon Gari, T/Wada Kaduna.
19. Muhammadu Aminu Sambo, Magajin Gari Sambo, a.k.a Sarkin Sabon Gari died in 1961 at the age of 73.
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